# The Dynamic Universe

# Books

**The Dynamic Universe, Toward a unified picture of physical reality**

## Tuomo Suntola, Physics Foundations Society

*Third edition, April 2011, *ISBN 9781461027034 (paperback, 358 pages), ISBN 978-952-67236-5-5 (e-book)

Buy from Amazon: (US, UK, Germany), Buy from the Publisher (only in Finland)

The Dynamic Universe theory is a holistic description of the observable physical reality. Like the Copernican revolution, the DU creates a system perspective allowing straightforward mathematics and a conceivable cosmological picture of the universe — and gives precise predictions to observables without dark energy or other artificial parameters. It is a unifying theory converting spacetime in variable coordinates into dynamic space in absolute coordinates. The Dynamic Universe theory relies on an overall zero-energy balance in space and the conservation of the total energy in interactions in space. Instead of relativity of an object to the observer, relativity in DU space means relativity of local to the whole — relativity appears a measure of the locally available share of the total energy in space.

## The Short History of Science - or the long path to the union of metaphysics and empiricism

Tuomo Suntola, Physics Foundations Society

ISBN 978-952-68101-0-2 (paperback, 294 pages), ISBN 978-952-68101-1-9 (e- book, pdf)

Buy from Amazon: (US, UK, Germany), Buy from the Publisher (only in Finland)

The book traces the development of the scientific picture of reality from antique to present day with special emphasis on the philosophical and theoretical choices made along the path. Also, the book studies the possibility of a re-evaluation the theoretical structures and the picture of reality with a closer connection between the philosophical and empirical aspects. Short biographies of more than one hundred key scientists are included as well as numerous references and links to primary.

**Tieteen lyhyt historia - vai pitkä tie luonnonfilosofian ja empirismin kohtaamiseen**

Tuomo Suntola, Physics Foundations Society

Toinen painos, ISBN 978-952-67236-8-6 (nidottu, 290 sivua), ISBN 978-952-67236-9-3 (e-book, pdf)

Saatavissa tilaustuotteena kirjakaupoista tai suoraan kustantajalta

Kirja jäljittää tieteellisen maailmankuvan kehityksen antiikista nykypäivään, keskittyen erityisesti filosofisiin ja teoreettisiin valintoihin, jotka matkan varrella on tehty. Kirjassa tarkastellaan myös mahdollisuutta teoriarakenteiden ja todellisuuskuvan uudelleenarviointiin filosofisia ja empiirisiä näkökulmia lähentäen. Kirjaan on sisällytetty yli sadan keskeisen tiedemiehen lyhyet elämäkerrat sekä lukuisia viitteitä ja linkkejä alkuperäiskirjoituksiin.

# Latest Peer Reviewed Publications

## (Most recent at the top)

## Proceedings of the Workshop Scientific Models and a Comprehensive Picture of Reality, Helsinki, May 20-21, 2016

## Tuomo Suntola, Restructuring of the Scientific Picture, A Holistic Approach to Relativity, Cosmology and the Essence of a Quantum, La Nuova Critica, 63-64, Proceedings of the Workshop* Scientific Models and a Comprehensive Picture of Reality,* pp. 37-62. VIDEO.

## Tuomo Suntola, The Dynamic Universe – Space as a Spherically Closed Energy System

International Journal of Astrophysics and Space Science, Special Issue: Quantum Vacuum, Fundamental Arena of the Universe: Models, Applications and Perspectives. Vol. 2, No. 6-1, 2014, pp. 66-85. doi: 10.11648/j.ijass.s.2014020601.18.

A general introduction of the Dynamic Universe theory. Read abstract, download Full PDF Paper

## Tuomo Suntola, Ari Lehto, Tarja Kallio-Tamminen, Heikki Sipilä, Fundamental Concepts - from Force to Energy

International Journal of Astrophysics and Space Science. Special Issue: Quantum Vacuum, Fundamental Arena of the Universe: Models, Applications and Perspectives, Vol. 2, No. 6-1, 2014, pp. 66-85. doi: 10.11648/j.ijass.s.2014020601.18.

Read abstract, download Full PDF Paper

# Selected Papers and Conference Presentations

## Tuomo Suntola, Restructuring of the Scientific Picture, A Holistic Approach to Relativity, Cosmology and the Essence of a Quantum.

Presentation slides (PowerPoint)

Presentation in the Workshop Scientific Models and a Comprehensive Picture of Reality, Helsinki, May 20-21, 2016. Organized by The Finnish Society for Natural Philosophy and the Physics Foundations Society.

**Mach's principle and gravitational waves,**"An Evening with Mach", March 8, 2016 by The Finnish Society for Natural Philosophy in Helsinki.

Quantitative expression of Mach's principle

## The General Theory of Relativity 100 years

On November 10, 2015 The Finnish society for Natural Philosophy arranged a special event to celebrate the 100 years of the theory of general relativity. The program consisted of presentations on the status of astronomy at the time the theory was developed, the birth and the essence of the theory, and considerations of possible restructuring of the theory if today’s instruments, knowledge and observations had been available to Einstein.

Link to the program and presentations

Tuomo Suntola ja Tarja Kallio-Tamminen: On the Essence of Quantum (Kvantin olemuksesta)

Presentation in The Finnish Society for Natural Philosophy, March 4, 2014, Presentation slides

Tuomo Suntola, On the Linkage between Planck's Quantum and Maxwell's Equations

The Finnish Society for Natural Philosophy - 25th Anniversary Symposium, November 11, 2013. Full PDF Paper

Planck equation is obtained from Maxwell's equations by solving the energy enitted into a cycle of radiation by a single transition of an elementarey charge. A point source is studied as one-wavelength antenna in the fourth dimension ( L = λ = cdt ).

Tuomo Suntola: Gestalting Structures in Physics

100 Years of Gestalt Psychology Symposium, Helsinki 28.-29.9.2012 Full text, pdf Presentation

Tuomo Suntola, The big Puzzle

FQXi Essay Contest in 2012, Full PDF Paper

How do we start composing a jigsaw puzzle? It is certainly helpful if we see the picture of the puzzle when fully composed. In the big puzzle of physics, we are about to fit the highly tuned parts together to see whether they match, and what the total picture looks like – have we created a monster or a beauty, or something in between?

Tuomo Suntola, The Dynamic Universe – from whole to local

The Finnish Society for Natural Philosophy, Seminar "Natural philosophy and the philosophy of sciences, Models in physics and cosmology", Helsinki, Tieteiden talo 27-28.9.2010. Presentation slides ppsx

Relativity in the DU is not relativity between an object and the observer, but relativity between local and the whole - it shows the energy available in a local state of motion and gravitation. Clocks in motion or close to a mass center loose time because they have bound part of their energy in motion and local gravitation.

Tuomo Suntola, Physical and mathematical postulates behind relativity

Mathematics, Physics and Philosophy In the Interpretations of Relativity Theory, Budapest 4-6 September 2009, Full text pdf, Presentation slides ppt/pdf

Global relativity establishes absolute time and a universal frame of reference

Tuomo Suntola,

NPA Conference, Storrs, University of Connecticut, May 25-29, 2009, Full text pdf

Supplement: The derivation of the cosmological predictions, Appendix 1.

From local to global relativity, Tuomo Suntola,

Physical Interpretations of Relativity Theory, PIRT XI, London 12-15.9.2008, Full text pdf, Presentation slides ppsx

Tuomo Suntola, Zero-energy space cancels the need for dark energy

Physics and Philosophy In the Interpretations of Relativity Theory, Budapest 7-9 September 2007, Full text pdf, Presentation ppsx

Relativity defines the locally available share of total energy

Tuomo Suntola,

PIRT-X, "Physical Interpretations of Relativity Theory X", London, September 8-11, 2006,

Full text pdf, Presentation slides ppsx

Photon - the minimum dose of electromagnetic radiation

Tuomo Suntola,

SPIE Optics & Photonics 2005 Conferences, Special Program SP200 “The Nature of Light: What is a Photon?”, San Diego, July 31 – August 4, 2005 Full text pdf

Planck equation is solved as the energy emitted into a cycle of radiation by a single unit charge transition in a one wavelength dipole.

Observations support spherically closed dynamic space without dark energy

Tuomo Suntola,

SPIE Optics & Photonics 2005 Conferences, Special Program SP200 “The Nature of Light: What is a Photon?”, San Diego, July 31 – August 4, 2005 Full text pdf

Tuomo Suntola, Back to the Basis – Observations Support Spherically Closed Dynamic Space

1st Crisis in Cosmology Conference (CCC-1), Monção, Portugal, June 23-25, 2005, arXiv/astro-ph/0509016 (2005)

Supernova observations fit Einstein-de Sitter expansion in 4-sphere

Tuomo Suntola and Robert Day,

Recent observations on the redshift and magnitude of distant supernovae have raised fundamental questions of the cosmological structure and the development of space. Interpretation of the observations with the standard cosmology model suggests accelerating expansion of space which requires an assumption of unknown dark energy working against gravitation at cosmological distances. This paper presents an analysis which shows that the observed magnitude redshift relationship is in an excellent agreement with the prediction derived by assuming a zero energy balance of motion and gravitation in an expanding 4-sphere. Such an approach can be regarded as Einstein-deSitter expansion in the fourth dimension, suggesting a decelerating expansion velocity until zero in infinity.

Dynamic space converts relativity into absolute time and distance

Tuomo Suntola,

PIRT-IX, Physical Interpretations of Relativity Theory IX, London, September 3-9, 2004, Full text pdf

Universal Order in Absolute Time

Tuomo Suntola,

Colloquium "Human Approaches to the Universe" in University of Helsinki, Finland September 26-27, 2003 Full text pdf

Re-evaluation of the Scout D experiment as a Test of Relativity Theory

Tuomo Suntola,

Galilean Electrodynamics, 14, No.4 (2003) Full text pdf

A detailed analysis of the gravity probe Scout D experiment confirms the GR/DU prediction for both the gravitational and velocity terms of the frequency shift (instead of SR velocity shift reported in Phys. Rev. Letters, **45**, 26 (1980) 2081).

GPS-järjestelmän teoreettisista perusteista

Tuomo Suntola,

Proceedings of seminar "GPS-Meteorologia", 27.11.2002, Finnish Meteorological Institute (in Finnish) Full text pdf

Dynamic space converts relativity into absolute time and distance

Tuomo Suntola,

EPISTEME No. 6 (2002) Full text pdf

New cosmology model shows relativity in universal time and distant observations in Euclidean geometry

T. Suntola,

Apeiron, Vol. 8, No. 3 (July 2001) Full text pdf

We can choose between the constant velocity of light and time dilation (SR, GR) - or absolute time and a changing velocity of light (DU).

Celestial mechanics in spherical space

T. Suntola,

Apeiron, Vol. 8, No. 3 (July 2001) Full text pdf

The perihelion shift in DU space conserves the orbital radius. It does not create a cumulative term to the radius like the Schwarzschild solution of general relativity.