(a) Historical Overview

(b) Oservational Evidences

Albert Einstein, 1917

*Heikki Sipilä, "The Zero-energy Principle as a Fundamental Law of Nature", La Nuova Critica, Special Issue 63-64, ISSN 1824-9663 (2016), Scientific Models and a Comprehensive Picture of Reality, pp. 29-33.

In his lectures on inertia, Sciama states: “… Equation implies that the total energy (inertial plus gravitational) of a particle at rest in the universe is zero ... ... if local phenomena are strongly coupled to the universe as a whole, then local observations can give us information about the universe as a whole”.

On the origin of inertia. Authors: Sciama, D. W.. Publication: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 113, p.34. (1953) http://adsabs.harvard.edu/full/1953MNRAS.113...34S

Sciama did not enter mathematical formulations or further considerations of the zero-energy principle.

R. Feynman, W. Morinigo, and W. Wagner, Feynman Lectures on Gravitation (during the academic year 1962-63), Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, p. 10 (1995).

Feynman did not proceed to a solution of the "great mystery" of the zero-energy universe or the "intriguing suggestion" of spherically closed space. Obviously, any solution had infringed general relativity and the space-time concept; for keeping the gravitational energy and the rest energy of matter in balance, the zero-enrgy solution links the expansion of space to a decreasing velocity of light.

The Dynamic Universe model is a dynamic solution of spherically closed zero-energy space. It is a holistic approach to space as an energy system. The expansion velocity of space appears as the "hidden velocity" space has in the fourth dimension, in the direction of the 4-radius of space. Due to the spherical symmetry, at any location in space, the rest energy of matter appears as the energy of motion due to the expansion in the fourth dimmension. Any motion in space is associated with the motion of space, and any local gravitational interaction in space is associated with the gravitational interaction with the rest of space. Relativity can be seen as a direct consequence of the finiteness of the total energy in space; it is not expressed in terms of distorted time and distance like in the relativity theory, but in terms of locally available energy - e.g. clocks in motion in space run slower because part of their energy is bound to the motion in space; time and distance in the DU are used as universal coordinate quantities essential for human comprehension. In DU, local predictions are essentially equal with those given by special and general relativity, cosmological predictions give precise macth with observations without additional parameters like density parameter or dark energy.

Dr. Heikki Sipilä

La Nuova Critica, Special Issue 63-64, ISSN 1824-9663 (2016), Scientific Models and a Comprehensive Picture of Reality, pp. 29-33.
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Under construction

Under construction

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La Nuova Critica, Special Issue 63-64, ISSN 1824-9663 (2016), Scientific Models and a Comprehensive Picture of Reality, pp. 63-90.